In the United States, corn or other grain is stored in bulk storage bins. The U.S. grain industry uses hundreds of millions of square feet of bins to store bushels or metric tonnes of corn, soybeans, and wheat each year. Producers choose from a variety of bin styles and sizes to meet their specific needs depending on factors such as location, input costs, crop value, and expected weather conditions at the time of filling the bin.
Typical Grain Bin
There are two basic types of grain storage structures – tower silos and hopper-bottom bins that have flat roofs with steep slopes (called “pneumatic” roofs). In both cases, haulage equipment can enter through floor openings between bin walls. Towers are typically used for large storage facilities while hopper-bottom bins are better suited to smaller, local operations.
The two most important points in storing corn in storage bins are pest control and the use of moisture meters or the Grain Temp Guard Alarm System.
The insect pests that infest stored grain can reduce yields by consuming portions of grain during storage or by contaminating the grain with excreta (waste material) and parts of insects. To prevent this spoilage, producers must implement an effective pest management program including monitoring pest populations in the field before and after harvest, applying recommended pesticides when needed (if required), and cleaning up fields after harvest.
The moisture content of corn changes dramatically over time. Grain is typically dried down to the desired moisture level just before loading into storage bins. The goal is to have an appropriate amount of moisture in the grain at this point to minimize losses due to spoilage or mold during long-term storage. Although producers strive for a specific target, it is difficult to maintain a perfect level and fluctuations will occur over time with variable weather conditions and operating procedures (e.g., ambient temperature, how often fans run, turning frequency) inside the bin. Monitoring this fluctuation through the use of a reliable moisture meter can help producers quickly identify problems so they can act if too dry or add water if too wet.
Grain Temp Guard Alarm System
Finally, producers may purchase a separate system such as the Grain Temp Guard Alarm System which is an environmental protection device with built-in sensors that monitor storage bins for changes in temperature and moisture. If stored grain temperatures rise above 48 degrees Fahrenheit (or if relative humidity falls below 40 percent) an audible alarm will sound alerting producers to take corrective action before the problem becomes severe.
How to monitor grain bins?
There are various things that the producers must consider when storing grains in the bin. The range of Grain Temp Guard as manufactured by Farm Shop MFG is a low-cost and quality solution for existing as well as new bins for storing the harvested grains. Farm Shop Mfg, is the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) of various farming and storage equipment. With the use of temperature probe, alarm system, dual alarm system, lithium battery, EndZone Fan Controls, and other similar devices and equipment to make a complete grain temperature monitoring system. Farm Shop Mfg is the leading producer of agricultural equipment in the USA and many producers have availed the benefit from these quality products.